Office: 308 Barnard Hall
Specialty: Biofilms in waste remediation and industrial systems

Ph.D. Environmental Engineering, Montana State University

Registered Professional Engineer, Montana, #10536PE


  • Industrial Coordinator/Research Professor, Center for Biofilm Engineering, Bozeman, MT 2000-present
  • Research Engineer, Center for Biofilm Engineering, Bozeman, MT  1991-1999
  • Environmental Engineer, Matney-Frantz Engineering, Bozeman, MT  1990-1994

Areas of Expertise


  • Assessment and growth potential of biofilms in industrial and potable water systems
  • Biofilm growth in plumbing fixtures
  • Development of testing protocols for assessing the efficacy antimicrobial products and surfaces
  • Engineered systems for microbial process control
  • Control of microbial souring of oil in pipelines and subsurface formations
  • Biodegradation of organic chemicals in soil and groundwater
  • Groundwater flow hydraulics and microbial transport in porous media
  • Biobarrier construction for groundwater flow control and mitigation of acid rock drainage
  • Design of field-scale biotreatment systems

Technology Transfer:

  • Communication of biotechnology research advances with industry and government
  • Organization of bi-annual technical meetings for Engineering Research Center Industrial Associates
  • Organization and presentation of biofilm analytical methods workshops for industry and academic researchers and strategic planning workshops for industrial partners


  • Laura Kaatz Wahlen, Mark Pasmore, Diane Walker, Al Parker, Paul Sturman “Predictive modeling for hot water inactivation of planktonic and biofilm-associated Sphingomonas parapaucimobilis to support hot water sanitization programs,” Biofouling, 2016 Aug; 32(7):751-61.
  • Sturman, PJ “Biofilm Control in Industrial Water Systems,” In: Biofilm Control in Drug Manufacturing, Ed: Clontz L and Wagner C. PDA DHI Technical Books. October 2012.
  • Sturman, PJ, Stein OR, Vymazal J, Kröpfelová L “Sulfur Cycling in Sub-Surface Constructed Wetlands,” In: Wastewater Treatment, Plant Dynamics and Management in Constructed and Natural Wetlands, 2008 Ed: Vymazal J, pp. 329–344.  Springer, Dordrecht.
  • Kjellerup BV, Veeh RH, Sumithraratne P, Thomsen TR, Buckingham-Meyer K, Frolund B, Sturman PJ “Monitoring of Microbial Souring in Chemically Treated Produced Water Biofilm Systems Using Molecular Techniques,”  J Indus Microbiol and Biotechnol 2005; 32(4): 163–170. 
  • Sturman, PJ, Saxena I “Development and Testing of a Fiber-Optic Probe for Biofilm Detection and Quantification,” In: Proceedings: International Conference on Biofilm Monitoring, Porto, Portugal. March 2002.


Additional biofilm related publications searchable via CBE Publications

Invited Presentations

  • “Engineering Aspects of Biofilm Growth and Response to Antimicrobial Treatment,” Parenteral Drug Association Biofilm and Bioburden Workshop, San Antonio, TX, April 8–10, 2014.
  • “Standard Methods for Biofilm Testing: Progress and Future Directions,” FDA/CBE Co-sponsored meeting: Biofilms, Medical Devices and Anti-Biofilm Technology: Challenges and Opportunities, Silver Spring, MD, February 20, 2014.
  • “Biofilm Growth and Disinfection in Water Systems,” American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy Hot Water Forum, Atlanta, GA, November 3–5, 2013.
  • “Legionella Growth and Survival in Biofilms: Laboratory models and the environment,” Society for Industrial Microbiology Conf. on Recent Advances in Microbial Control, Arlington, VA, Oct. 29, 2012.
  • “Visualizing Antimicrobial Action in Biofilms,” Society for Industrial Microbiology Conference on Recent Advances in Microbial Control, Arlington, VA, November 7–10, 2010.
  • “Biofilm Growth Models and Standardization,” FDA Seminar on Biofilms in Medicine, Rockville, MD, April 6, 2010.

Related Links:

Related News:

“STERIS earns first biofilm claim from EPA using testing standard developed by CBE” May 20, 2019

“MSU hosts fifth annual conference to help move life-saving products to the marketplace” MSU News Service February 15, 2018